The Theos think tank has published a report, entitled Faith and Darwin (PDF), on British attitudes towards evolution and Christianity. The report is based on a survey of 2,060 adults across the country, and the Guardian has an interactive map of the results.
The survey was based on 25 questions, of which I’ve selected the ten most interesting below. I’d be interested to know what people’s answers are to these questions – my own answers will be in the first comment to this post. I’ve omitted the question asking about people’s religious beliefs, so please state that as well if you think it will help illuminate your answers.
1. Which of these four statements about the origin of human life do you think is most likely to be true:
- Humans evolved by a process of evolution which removes any need for God
- Humans evolved by a process of evolution which can be seen as part of Gods plan
- Humans evolved by a process of evolution which required the special intervention of God or a higher power at key stages
- Humans were created by God some time within the last 10,000 years
2. Darwinian evolution is the idea that life today, including human life, developed over millions of years from earlier species, by a process of natural selection. Which one of the following statements comes closest to your opinion of Darwinian evolution?
- It is a theory so well established that its beyond reasonable doubt
- It is a theory that is still waiting to be proved or disproved
- It is a theory with very little evidence to support it
- It is a theory which has been disproved by the evidence
3. Different people have different opinions on the relationship between evolution and Christianity. Which one of the following statements comes closest to your opinion (irrespective of whether or not you are a Christian)?
- Evolution and Christianity are totally incompatible: you cant believe in both
- Evolution presents some challenges to Christianity but it is possible to believe in both
- Evolution and Christianity are wholly compatible and there is no tension at all between the two
- Evolution and Christianity are totally disconnected subjects and have nothing to do with one another
4. Some people think there is a purpose behind evolution whereas others do not. Which one of the following statements best describes your opinion (irrespective of whether or not you believe in evolution)?
- Evolution is a chance process with no ultimate direction or purpose
- Evolution involves chance but this is doesnt disprove an ultimate direction or purpose
- Evolution does not involve chance as it is a process directed by God or some other force.
5. Some people believe that Intelligent Design should be taught alongside evolution in schools, whereas others disagree. Which one of the following statements comes closest to your opinion?
- Intelligent Design should be taught alongside evolution in science lessons
- Intelligent Design should be discussed in other lessons, such as Religious Education
- Intelligent Design should not be taught or discussed in schools at all
6. Which one of the following statements best describes your opinion of the relationship between human beings and other living things?
- Human beings are just another species of animal and have no unique value or significance
- Human beings are like other animals but are particularly complex and this complexity gives humans value and significance
- Human beings are uniquely different from other living things and so have a unique value and significance
7. Which one of the following statements comes closest to your opinion regarding what evolution tells us about the purpose of life?
- Evolution tells us that there is no ultimate purpose to life.
- Evolution fits well with the idea that there is an ultimate purpose to life
- Evolution tells us nothing about whether there is an ultimate purpose to life or not
8. Which one of the following statements comes closest to your opinion about science?
- Science can explain everything
- Science cant explain everything yet but it will do one day
- Science explains many things but there are some things it will never be able to explain
9. Which one of the following statements comes closest to your opinion about the relationship between science and religious belief?
- Science totally undermines religious belief
- Science challenges religious beliefs but they can co-exist
- Science positively supports religious belief
- Science neither supports nor undermines religious belief
10. Which one of the following statements comes closest to your view of the creation account at the start of the Bible?
- It is a literal and accurate account of the origins of everything
- It is an ancient attempt at a scientific explanation which has now been disproved
- It is an ancient myth of real historical interest but with no scientific basis today
- It is a theological account which explains the meaning and purpose of the universe, not intended as science